2019

Emotions and Perception in Moral Epistemology

Emotions and Perception in Moral Epistemology

 

It is clear that emotions have a central role in our moral practices. We feel indignation about racist government policies, compassion for an ill friend, and admiration for those we see as morally courageous. These emotions also appear closely related to moral motivation, as well as moral judgment. But do emotions play any significant role in justifying moral beliefs? And if so, what broader implications would this have for moral epistemology, moral psychology, and moral metaphysics? Much recent metaethical work has been focused on these topics.

A related question concerns the connections--psychological as well as epistemological--between perceptual experience and emotional experience. There is good evidence that affect can influence the way we perceptually experience the world. Depression can make the world look darker, and fear can help to sharpen attentional focus. It remains an open philosophical question how these influences are relevant epistemologically. Are emotional responses epistemically distorting, epistemically beneficial, or some combination? Do emotions make available the perceptual representation of sui generis properties, or do they only direct our attention toward properties we already perceptually represent? Do emotional influences on perceptual processing have long term effects? Does perceptual processing have any long term effect on our emotional dispositions?

Given the important role that emotions play in moral judgment, and the role that emotions play in the formation of perceptual experience, a variety of interesting philosophical questions arise related to moral epistemology. The tight connection between perception, emotion, and moral belief allows for a wide range of questions about moral epistemology, moral psychology, normative theorizing, and even moral metaphysics. We will be addressing these questions, broadly construed, over the course of the year.

 

 

Post-doctoral Fellow

Aaron Elliott

aaron@apelliott.com

https://www.apelliott.com

I have a PhD in philosophy from the University of Nebraska, an MA in philosophy from San Diego State University, and a BA in sociology and philosophy from Northern Arizona University.

My core project is on the ontology of ethics.  I am particularly interested in the nature of ethical properties broadly—e.g. whether non-naturalism is true—as well as the natures of specific ethical properties—e.g. whether goodness is reducible to reasons, as buck-passing accounts of value hold.  I’m attracted to these views, non-naturalism and buck-passing. They both come with central ontological objections, to which I bring my expertise in metaphysics.  I also do significant work in political philosophy, primarily in the areas of State justification, and individual obligations of justice.

My dissertation, The Supervenience Challenge: An Explanation, addresses the major metaphysical challenge for Non-Naturalism: to explain why there can’t be a normative difference without a natural difference. I discuss how to best understand the natural/non-natural distinction, and which supervenience phenomena are in question, in order to arrive at the best version of the Supervenience Challenge, and demonstrate that it is in principle resolvable. Next, I assess the three basic frameworks for explaining supervenience that are compatible with non-naturalism, and show why principle-less models should be dispreferred. Finally, I propose a principle-based account that treats principles as entities rather than facts, and show why this model should be preferred to models that treat principles as facts.

Distinguished Visiting Professor

Christine Tappolet

Christine Tappolet is Full Professor in the Philosophy Department at the Université de Montréal. She is the director of the Centre de Recherche en Éthique (CRÉ) and she is responsible for the Groupe de Recherche Internuniversitaire sur la Normatitivé (GRIN). Her research interests lie mainly in meta-ethics, moral psychology, and emotion theory. She has edited a number of volumes, including, with Sarah Stroud, Weakness of Will and Practical Irrationality (2003, OUP) and, with Fabrice Teroni and Anita Konzelman Ziv, Shadows of the Soul. Perspective on Negative Emotions (2018, Routledge). In addition to numerous articles and chapters, she has recently finished a book entitled Emotions, Values, and Agency (2018, Oxford University Press).

 

At CMPP she is giving an advanced PhD crash course called "Perspectives on Affective States."

PhD Summer Workshop Fellows

Rachel Achs

Rachel Acks 

I'm currently a PhD candidate in the Harvard University philosophy department. I hold a BA in philosophy from Yale University and an MPhil in philosophy from Cambridge University. I've also been a visiting student at the University of California, Berkeley.

I have research interests in ethics, moral psychology, and early modern philosophy. My dissertation is about what blame is, when (if ever) it's deserved, and what (if anything) it's good for. In it, I defend - to the extent that I can - the commonsense intuition that blame is only justified in response to things that are under a person's voluntary control.

 

 

Dong An

Dong An

I am a PhD student in Philosophy at Texas A&M University, working in philosophy of emotion, value theory, moral psychology, and philosophy of mind. I have earned both a BA and an MA in Philosophy from Peking University, China. 

My dissertation focuses on how emotions and values are related. I have been working on discrete emotions such as amusement and boredom as case studies. By continuing applying interdisciplinary works from social psychology, history, and cultural studies, I hope to give an account that explains value in terms of what the subject sees fitting, i.e., what is appropriate according to the subject’s biographical history, including her sensibility, character trait, personality, and the contexts where those features are developed.

 

 

Naama Goldberg

Naama Goldberg

I am a JSD candidate at NYU. I also hold an LLM in legal theory from NYU and an LLB from the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, where I also worked towards an MA in philosophy. I am interested in ethics, moral psychology, and questions of justice (and the normative significance and duties of individuals as such in the context of justice). My work mainly touches issues that tend to be at the intersection between morality and the law. 
 
My dissertation presents a philosophical and legal analysis of remorse, what it is, and why (if at all) it matters morally (and legally). I focus on remorse as a moral emotion, and explore its significance in the private interpersonal realm (moral philosophy), and as a deeply personal phenomenon taken into consideration by The State in the public realm (political philosophy and jurisprudence).
 
 

Max Lewis

Max Lewis

I am a Ph.D. candidate at the University of Pennsylvania. I specialize in ethics (esp. normative ethics and metaethics) and epistemology. I also have secondary interests in philosophy of language, philosophy of action, and philosophy of religion.

My current research project is aimed at socializing moral epistemology. Much of this project is carried out in my dissertation. There I develop a novel account of the epistemic norm of moral assertion, which requires a moral asserter to have some degree of what I call moral appreciation and the ability to share some of this appreciation with her audience. In the process of defending this norm, I develop an account of moral appreciation, argue that it’s importantly distinct from current accounts of moral understanding, and argue that moral appreciation is the epistemic goal of moral inquiry. I then use my account of the norm of moral assertion to explain our aversion to moral deference and to defend moderate pessimism about moral deference. 

While at CMPP, I will be developing my account of the conative and affective aspects of moral appreciation. I will also be exploring the relationship between having moral appreciation and being in a position to warrantedly blame others for their immoral behavior, even when one is not affected by this behavior.

 

Mark Thomson

Mark Thomson

I am a PhD candidate in the Philosophy Department at Northwestern University.

My dissertation focuses on some of the ways in which affective phenomenology is tied up with our representational capacities. The vast majority of work in this area has advanced one of the following two views: affect is largely irrelevant to the individuation and functioning of our representational capacities; affect is constitutive of some of our representations and is thereby necessary for their individuation and functioning. Very little attention has been given to the possibility that affect is irrelevant to the individuation of our representational capacities but central to their functioning in some instances. My research develops this line of thinking. I argue that emotional experiences do not have representational contents in their own right. Instead, emotional experience consists of the deployment of nonrepresentational predictive and inferential strategies that organize independently available representational contents.

 

Brandon Williams

Brandon Williams

I’m a Ph.D. candidate in the Department of Philosophy at Rice University. I work mostly in Metaethics.

I earned an M.A. in Philosophy from Northern Illinois University in 2012, and my undergraduate degree was in Theology at as small college that does not exist anymore (I’m that old!).

My dissertation explores the concept of normative reasons and provides an Empiricist (broadly construed) analysis of how it is that we come to have such a concept. If the approach is sound, old and tired debates, such as that between Reasons Internalists and Reasons Externalists, turn out not to be quite as intractable as one might have thought.

 

 

 

Conferece

 

 

2019 CMPP Annual Conference: “Emotions and Perception in Moral Epistemology”

 

Wednesday June 12th

 

9:15 - 9:30 - Welcome; Opening Remarks

 

9:30 - 11:00 - Michael Milona, Ryerson University

Chair: Daniel Telech, Van Leer Jerusalem Institute

 

11:15 - 12:45 - Anna Bergqvist, Manchester Metropolitan University

Chair: David Enoch, Hebrew University of Jerusalem

 

Lunch break

 

14:15 - 15:45 - Hagit Benbaji, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev

Chair: Mark Thomson, Northwestern University

 

16:00 - 17:30 - Robert Cowan, University of Glasgow

Chair: Thérèse Björkholm, Uppsala University

 

Thursday June 13th

 

9:00 - 10:30 Jonna Vance, Northern Arizona University

Chair: Noga Gratvol, Hebrew University of Jerusalem

 

10:45 - 12:15 Shlomit Wygoda Cohen, Hebrew University of Jerusalem “Hedged Reductive Epistemology: A non-inferential, non-perceptualist, non-mysterious and particularist-friendly moral epistemology”

Chair: Max Lewis, University of Pennsylvania

 

Lunch break

 

13:30 - 15:00 - Sabine Döring, University of Tübingen

Chair: Dong An, Texas A&M University

 

15:15 - 16:45 Preston Werner, Hebrew University of Jerusalem “Moral Perception: Empirical Prospects”

Chair: Elvira Di Bona, Van Leer Jerusalem Institute

 

17:00-18:30 - Aaron Elliott, Hebrew University of Jerusalem

Chair: Bar Luzon, New York University

 

Friday June 14th

 

9:30 - 11:00 - Errol Lord, University of Pennsylvania

Chair: Oded Na’aman, Hebrew University of Jerusalem

 

11:15 - 12:45 - Christine Tappolet, University of Montreal. “Emotions Inside Out: The Content of Emotions”

Chair: Dani Attas, Hebrew University of Jerusalem